Download E-books Elephants and Kings: An Environmental History PDF

Because in their huge, immense dimension, elephants have lengthy been impossible to resist for kings as symbols in their eminence. In early civilizations—such as Egypt, Mesopotamia, the Indus Civilization, and China—kings used elephants for royal sacrifice, incredible hunts, public exhibit of dwell captives, or the conspicuous intake of ivory—all of them tending towards the elephant’s extinction. The kings of India, even if, as Thomas R. Trautmann exhibits during this learn, came upon a use for elephants that really helped protect their habitat and numbers within the wild: war.
            Trautmann lines the background of the battle elephant in India and the unfold of the establishment to the west—where elephants took half in a number of the maximum wars of antiquity—and Southeast Asia (but now not China, significantly), a background that spans 3,000 years and a substantial a part of the globe, from Spain to Java. He exhibits that simply because elephants devour such enormous amounts of nutrients, it used to be uneconomic to elevate them from delivery. particularly, in a special type of domestication, Indian kings captured wild adults and expert them, one after the other, via millennia. Kings have been therefore forced to guard wild elephants from hunters and elephant forests from being lessen. via taking a wide-angle view of human-elephant kin, Trautmann throws into reduction the constitution of India’s environmental historical past and the explanations for the patience of untamed elephants in its forests. 

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Download E-books Six Armies in Normandy: From D-Day to the Liberation of Paris; June 6 - Aug. 5, 1944; Revised PDF

By John Keegan

Acclaimed army historian John Keegan’s research into international conflict II and the Normandy Invasion

The armies of six international locations met at the battlefields of Normandy in what used to be to be the best Allied fulfillment of worldwide struggle II. With dramatic, using strength, John Keegan describes the massed armies—American, Canadian, English, French, German, and Polish—at successive levels of the invasion. As he information the innovations of the army engagements, Keegan brilliantly indicates how all of the armies mirrored its personal nation's values and traditions. In a brand new advent written specifically to commemorate the fiftieth anniversary of D-Day, he contemplates the methods the occasions on the conflict of Normandy nonetheless reverberate today.

“The top army historian of our generation.” –Tom Clancy
 
“John Keegan writes approximately struggle larger than nearly a person in our century.” –The Washington publish e-book World
 
“Very dramatic… rather well performed… a publication which conjures romance from a few very challenging fighting.” –A. J. P. Taylor, the recent York evaluate of Books
 
“The tale of this significant, complicated, and dicy amphibious attack, and the crusade which undefined, has been informed time and again, yet by no means higher than by way of John Keegan.” –The Wall highway Journal

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Download E-books Defeating Jihad: The Winnable War PDF

By Sebastian Gorka

Considering that September eleven, 2001, the United States has been at battle. And that’s approximately all a person can say with simple task a couple of clash that has rate 7,000 American lives and virtually $2 trillion. so long as the main uncomplicated strategic questions—Who is the enemy? Why are we fighting?—remain unanswered, victory is very unlikely.
 
Yet this warfare is eminently winnable if we eliminate our ideological blinders, appropriately identify our enemy, and draw up a technique to defeat him. So says Dr. Sebastian Gorka, probably the most skilled and sought-after specialists on counterterrorism. Our enemy isn't really “terror” or “violent extremism.” Our enemy is the worldwide jihadi stream, a latest totalitarian ideology rooted within the doctrines and martial background of Islam. Taking his cue from the previously top-secret analyses that formed the U.S. reaction to the communist danger, Dr. Gorka has produced a compelling profile of the jihadi movement—its brain and motivation—and a plan to defeat it.

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Download E-books America at War: Concise Histories of U.S. Military Conflicts From Lexington to Afghanistan PDF

By Terence T. Finn

War—organized violence opposed to an enemy of the state—seems half and parcel of the yank trip. certainly, the U.S. used to be validated by way of violence as traditional voters from New Hampshire to Georgia responded George Washington’s name to arms.

Since then, conflict has turn into a staple of yankee background. Counting the battle for Independence, the USA has fought the defense force of different international locations at the least twelve occasions, averaging a massive clash each 20 years. In so doing, the pursuits were basic: develop the reason for freedom, guard U.S. pursuits, and impose America’s will upon a international. normally, the consequences were winning as America’s army has accounted itself good. but the price has been excessive, in either blood and treasure. americans have fought and died round the globe—on land, at sea, and within the air. definitely, their activities have formed the realm within which we live.

In this accomplished assortment, Terence T. Finn presents a suite of narratives—each concise and readable—on the twelve significant wars the United States has fought. He explains what occurred, and why such areas as Saratoga and Antietam, Manila Bay and halfway are very important to an figuring out of America’s prior. Readers will simply manage to brush up on their background and acquaint themselves with these participants and occasions that experience helped outline the us of the United States.

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Download E-books Dilemmas of Nuclear Strategy PDF

By Roman Kolkowicz

This quantity displays the examine and discussions for the Bellagio convention, with a spcial emphasis at the distinctive viewpoint brought via the Europeans at the problems with superpower strategic kinfolk mostly and on MAD and SDI specifically. Their perspectives are formed through issues on how those broader concerns could have an effect on their very own nationwide safeguard pursuits.

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Download E-books A Nuclear Weapons-Free World?: Britain, Trident and the Challenges Ahead (Global Issues) PDF

President Obama and the united kingdom Labour and Coalition governments have all sponsored the renewed momentum for severe development in the direction of a global freed from nuclear guns, when the united kingdom unearths itself launched into a debatable and costly programme to resume its Trident nuclear guns process. What does the united kingdom method inform concerning the clients for disarmament?

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Download E-books The Art of Insurgency: American Military Policy and the Failure of Strategy in Southeast Asia PDF

By Donald W. Hamilton

In his research of insurgency conflict, Donald Hamilton first makes an attempt to supply perception right into a strategic thought he believes is little understood at the present time, and to give an explanation for its advanced courting to American coverage disasters in Southeast Asia through the post-1945 period of containment. The learn develops a operating version of insurgency, explaining it as either a different technique and sort of war-making. major findings contain the shortcoming of policymakers to understand a possible insurgency in Vietnam as early as 1946, next American involvement in now not one, yet 3 Asian insurgencies through the Fifties, and the final word failure of the U.S. army to fulfill the insurgency problem in South Vietnam. This lack of ability to do away with the insurgency led not just to the full breakdown of the South Vietnamese executive, yet was once the first this is why extra U.S. army motion after 1965 could turn out ineffectual. This historic narrative additionally follows the involvement of numerous key gamers, together with the personalities of Edward Lansdale, Sir Robert Thompson, Archimedes Patti, and Vo Nguyen Giap, who via their existence reports and writings, supply a willing profundity into why insurgencies take place, why they fail, and why they succeed.

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Download E-books Cataclysm: General Hap Arnold and the Defeat of Japan PDF

By Herman S. Wolk

No released paintings examines normal Henry H. “Hap” Arnold’s function extensive through the Pacific struggle of 1944-1945, within the context of making plans for the destruction of Japan. during this new examine, Herman S. Wolk, retired Senior Historian of the U.S. Air strength, examines the deliberating Hap Arnold, Commanding common, military Air Forces (AAF), in the course of international struggle II. particularly, Wolk concentrates on Arnold’s management in crafting the guns, association, and command of the strategic bombing offensive opposed to Japan, which culminated in Japan’s capitulation in the summertime of 1945, finishing the Pacific War.

The narrative is, in a true feel, a sustained controversy over technique, association, and command within the battle opposed to Japan. The B-29 long-range bombing crusade opposed to the japanese domestic islands dictated unheard of association and command; as a result, Arnold validated the 20th Air strength, commanded by means of himself from Washington and reporting on to the Joint Chiefs of employees. This new form of bombing offensive–distinct in command, association, variety, and guns from the eu experience–also known as for exemplary operational wrestle management within the box. the following Arnold excelled in his command of the AAF, relieving a long-time colleague (Hansell) in desire of a hard-nosed operator (LeMay). this significant flow was once a turning aspect within the Pacific war.

In the spring and summer time of 1945, Arnold was once a pushed chief, nearly prepared the B-29 crusade and the air and sea blockade to break down Japan earlier than the scheduled mammoth invasion of Kyushu on November 1st. It used to be a stressful race opposed to the invasion clock and the conviction of common George C. Marshall, military leader of employees, that an invasion used to be totally worthwhile. even supposing the Soviet announcement of conflict on Japan used to be an element within the jap quit, it was once the atomic bomb that politically surprised the japanese to capitulation. Arnold, the architect of the bombing offensive, emphasised that Japan was once already defeated in the summertime of 1945 via the bombing and blockade and that it used to be no longer militarily essential to drop the atomic bomb.

Wolk brings out very important rationales and connections in doctrine, association, and command no longer formerly released. He additionally mines resources now not formerly exploited, together with the author’s interviews with basic LeMay, Hansell, and Eaker; Arnold’s wartime correspondence; documentation from the Franklin D. Roosevelt Library; and postwar interrogations of jap officers and civilians. Cataclysm will turn out a massive addition to the background of the Pacific struggle, airpower, and the talk over using the atomic bomb opposed to Japan.

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Download E-books Planning for Conflict in the Twenty-First Century PDF

By Brian Hanley

This ebook goals to serve the army career, and so the nationwide curiosity, through aiding to generate clever reform of the way the defense force teach, train, and advertise officials who form our army technique and write our conflict plans. Readers will become aware of the pro and highbrow development that vast examining within the masters of ancient narrative bargains to them. the 1st bankruptcy, classes now not realized, surveys our strategic documents-and their fresh applications-and deals feedback and suggestions. the second one bankruptcy, Transformation Ballyhoo, evaluates our present efforts at army transformation and gives an alternate method of rehabilitating our militia. The 3rd bankruptcy, The mind of a military, bargains principles on construction a primary Joint struggle university. Chapters 4 via six specialise in army campaigns: France 1940; Stalingrad; North Africa, 1940-43. The subject is that ethical and highbrow features verify the destiny of armies in warfare, and that fabric and bureaucratic equipment should not approximately so important as we appear to imagine nowadays.

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