By Anthony Downs
Congested roads waste commuters' time, rate them funds, and degrade the surroundings. such a lot americans agree that traffic jam is the main challenge of their communities—and it simply looks getting worse. during this revised and extended version of his landmark paintings Stuck in Traffic, Anthony Downs examines the advantages and prices of varied anticongestion thoughts. Drawing on an important physique of study via transportation specialists and land-use planners, he counters environmentalists and street lobbyists alike by way of explaining why probably easy suggestions, reminiscent of increasing public transit or increasing roads, have accidental outcomes that cancel out their obvious merits. He argues that whereas there may be a few measurable earnings from expanding housing densities, such a lot different land-use ideas have little influence. certainly, the main strong options, together with greater gas taxes, elevated public investment for transit, and street tolls, also are the least palatable politically. St ill caught in site visitors contains new fabric at the motives of congestion, its dynamics, and its relative occurrence in numerous elements of the rustic. In transparent and real looking phrases, Downs seeks to discover why traffic jam has turn into a part of sleek American existence and the way it may be stored lower than control.